Gums can begin swelling for many reasons, but the most common reasons include a buildup of plaque on the teeth and infection, both of which are brought on by high levels of bacteria in the mouth. Poor dental hygiene that allows bacteria to remain in the mouth for long periods time can do more than cause a film over your teeth that breaks down the enamel.
Bacteria that is allowed to build up within the mouth can find its way into the tissues of your teeth and gums. If a lesion or any other type of wound allows the bacteria to find its way into the gum tissues, the infection that follows may cause gum swelling and bleeding around your teeth.
Dr. Tran finds out what's causing the problem before treating your swollen gums. She can use radiography and digital imaging to determine what is going on inside your mouth that would be causing your gums to swell. Once she uncovers the cause, she can prescribe oral rinses to help reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth. She may also prescribe oral antibiotics if the swelling is the result of an infection.
Cleaning your teeth and making any necessary repairs is also important and will prevent your gums from swelling in the future as long as you keep your teeth clean and your mouth fresh. Poor gum health can also indicate nutritional deficiencies. Dr. Tran may recommend supplements that help to promote optimum tissue health.
Gum swelling can be prevented to an extent. While the mouth will always contain a certain amount of bacteria, too much can cause problems. Certain types of bacteria are needed for the digestive process. It's the bad bacteria, however, that can cause the majority of your problems.
Brushing your teeth after eating sweets or before you go to bed at night is an ideal way to keep food debris and bacteria from building up in your mouth and causing an infection in your gums. Use mouthwash that is approved by the ADA, and avoid foods that stick to your teeth. Simple steps will help you reduce your risk of gum disease and the symptoms that are associated with it.
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